Kältemitteldaten (Übersicht)

 
Kältemittel Chemikalie Gruppe Bestandteile Name Hersteller Ersatz für Anwendung max (°C) Anwendung min (°C) Anwendung eingeschränkt max (°C) Anwendung eingeschränkt min (°C) Anwendung 2-stufig max (°C) Anwendung 2-stufig min (°C) Öl 1 Öl 2 Öl 3 Öl mit Einschränkung 1 Öl mit Einschränkung 2 Öl mit Einschränkung 3 Öl besondere Formulierung Molmasse (g/mol) Normal-Siedepunkt (°C) Normal-Taupunkt (°C) Temperatur-Gleit (K) kritische Temperatur (°C) kritischer Druck (bar) ODP GWP AR4 GWP AR5 Verfl. Temp bei 26 bar abs (°C) Kälteleistung relativ (%) Druckgas temperatur anstieg (K) Sicherheitsgruppe ISO817 praktische Grenze AEL (kg/m³)
R11
CCl3F CFC Trichloro-fluoro-methane 30 0 MO AB 24 24 0 198 44,1 1 4750 163 A1 0
R12
CCl2F2 CFC Dichloro-difluoro-methane 20 -30 MO AB -30 -30 0 112 41,4 1 10900 87 A1 0
R13
CClF3 CFC Chloro-trifluoro-methane -30 -80 MO AB -81 -81 0 29 38,8 1 14800 11 A1 0
R13B1
CBrF3 Halon Bromo-trifluoro-methane -10 -60 MO AB -58 -58 0 67 39,6 10 46 A1 0
R13I1
CF3I IFC Iodo-trifluoro-methane POE -23 -23 0 122 5 0 A1 0
R22
CHClF2 HCFC Chloro-difluoro-methane R502, R12 12 -45 -20 -50 MO AB -41 -41 0 96 49,9 0,055 1810 1760 63 80 35 A1 0,3
R23
CHF3 HFC trifluoro-methane R13, R503 -50 -95 POE PVE AB PAG -82 -82 0 26 48,3 0 14800 12400 1 A1 0,68
R32
CH2F2 HFC difluoro-methane R410A 15 -15 POE PVE AB PAG -52 -52 0 78 57,8 0 675 677 42 A2L 0,061
R40
CClH3 HCC chloro-methane, methyl chloride 15 -25 MO AB -24 -24 0 143 66,8 0,02 13 B2 0
R123
CClF2CClFH HCFC Dichloro-trifluoro-ethane R11 20 0 MO AB 27 27 0 184 36,6 0,02 77 163 0
R124
CHClFCF3 HCFC Chloro-tetrafluoro-ethane R114, R12B1 40 5 MO AB -11 -11 0 122 36,2 0,022 609 527 105 A1 0,11
R125
CF3CHF2 HFC pentafluoro-ethane 7 -45 POE PVE AB PAG -48 -48 0 66 36,2 0 3500 3170 51 A1 0,39
R134a
CF3CH2F HFC 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoro-ethane R12, R22 25 -20 -20 -30 POE PVE AB PAG -26 -26 0 101 40,6 0 1430 1300 80 97 -8 A1 0,25
R142b
CClF2CH3 HCFC 1-chloro-1,1-difluoro-ethane R114, R12B1 20 -10 MO AB -10 -10 0 137 40,6 0,065 2310 1980 110 A1 0,049
R143a
CF3CH3 HFC 1,1,1-trifluoro-ethane 0 -45 POE PVE AB PAG -48 -48 0 73 37,6 0 4470 4800 56 A2L 0,048
R152a
CHF2CH3 HFC 1,1-difluoro-methane R12, R22 25 -20 POE PVE AB PAG -24 -24 0 113 45,2 0 124 138 85 A2 0,027
R170
CH3CH3 HC Ethane R23, R508A, R508B -50 -95 MO PAO POE AB -89 -89 0 32 48,7 0 6 6 3 A3 0,008
R227ea
CF3CHFCF3 HFC 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoro-propane R12B1, R114 40 -10 POE PVE AB PAG -16 -16 0 102 29,3 0 3220 3350 96 A1 0,63
R236fa
CF3CH2CF3 HFC 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-propane R114 40 -10 POE PVE AB PAG -1 -1 0 125 32 0 9810 8060 117 A1 0,59
R245fa
CF3CH2CF2H HFC 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoro-propane 40 5 POE 15 15 0 154 36,5 0 1030 136 0
R290
CH3CH2CH3 HC Propane R22, R404A, R507A 12 -40 -20 -55 MO PAO POE AB -42 -42 0 97 42,5 0 3 3 70 89 -25 A3 0,008
R600
CH3CH2CH3 HC Butane 40 0 MO PAO POE AB -1 -1 0 152 38 0 4 3 130 A3 0,011
R600a
CH3CHCH3CH3 HC Isobutane R134a 40 -10 -10 -25 MO PAO POE AB -12 -12 0 135 36,3 0 3 3 114 60 A3 0,011
R717
NH3 NH3 Ammonia R404A, R22 12 -20 -15 -30 MO PAO MO/HC AB PAG -33 -33 0 133 113,3 0 0 0 60 100 60 B2L 0,00035
R723
NH3/R-E170 Ammonia/DME R404A, R22 12 -20 -15 -30 MO PAO MO/HC AB PAG -37 -37 0 131 0 1 1 58 105 35 B2 0
R744
CO2 CO2 Carbon dioxide R134a, R404A, R507A 20 -20 -10 -50 POE PAG -78 -78 0 31 73,8 0 1 1 -11 A1 0,07
R744A
N2O nitrous oxide R23, R13 -40 -80 POE special -90 -90 0 36 72,4 0 298 0
R1150
CH2CH2 HC ethylene R23, R508A, R508B -50 -100 MO PAO -104 -104 0 10 50,4 0 4 -19 A3 0
R1224yd(Z)
HCFO (Z)-1-Chloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-propene R11, R123 30 0 POE 14 14 0 156 33,3 0,00012 4 1 A1 0
R1233zd(E)
HCFO Trans-1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propene R11, R123 30 0 POE 18 18 0 166 35,8 0,00034 5 1 147 A1 0
R1234yf
HFO 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-1-propene Chemours, Honeywell R134a 25 -25 -25 -30 POE PVE -30 -30 0 95 33,8 0 4 1 82 98 -14 A2L 0,058
R1234ze(E)
HFO Trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-1-propene Honeywell R134a 40 -10 POE PVE -19 -19 0 110 36,4 0 6 1 92 75 A2L 0,061
R1270
CH2CHCH3 HC propylene / propene R22, R404A, R507A 12 -40 -20 -55 MO PAO POE AB -48 -48 0 92 45,5 0 2 2 61 -20 A3 0,008
R1336mzz(Z)
HFO cis-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene R123, R245fa 40 0 POE special 33 33 0 171 29 0 9 2 165 A1 0,087
R1336mzz(E)
HFO hexafluoro-butene R245fa 40 0 POE special 8 8 0 130 0 7 126 A1 0
MO89
HFC R125/ 218/ 290 ISCEON MO89 R13B1 -20 -45 -40 -80 POE PVE AB PAG -55 -51 4 70 0 3805 3324 50 A1 0
R404A
HFC R143a/ 125/ 134a R502, R22 0 -45 7 0 -30 -70 POE PVE AB PAG -47 -46 0,7 73 37,3 0 3922 3940 55 105 -34 A1 0,52
R407A
HFC R32/ 125/ 134a R22, R404A, R507A 0 -40 7 0 -30 -55 POE PVE AB PAG -46 -39 6,6 83 0 2107 1920 56 98 -19 A1 0,33
R407C
HFC R32/ 125/ 134a R22, R404A, R507A 12 -25 -25 -30 POE PVE AB PAG -44 -37 7,4 87 46,3 0 1774 1620 58 100 -8 A1 0,31
R407F
HFC R32/ 125/ 134a R22, R404A, R507A 0 -40 7 0 -30 -55 POE PVE AB PAG -46 -40 6,4 83 0 1825 1674 57 104 -11 A1 0,32
R407H
HFC R32/ 125/ 134a R22, R404A, R507A 0 -25 7 -35 POE PVE AB PAG -45 -38 7 86 48,5 0 1490 1380 55 -8 A1 0,38
R410A
HFC R32/ 125 R22, R13B1 12 -25 -25 -40 -40 -80 POE PVE AB PAG -51 -51 0,2 72 49 0 2088 1920 43 140 A1 0,44
R417A
HFC R125/ 134a/ 600 R22 12 -25 -25 -30 POE PVE AB PAG -39 -33 5,6 87 0 2346 2130 68 97 -25 A1 0,15
R417B
HFC R125/ 134a/ 600 R22 0 -40 7 0 POE PVE AB PAG -45 -42 3,4 75 0 2920 2740 58 95 -37 A1 0,069
R422A
HFC R125/ 134a/ 600a R22 0 -40 7 0 POE PVE AB PAG -49 -46 2,5 72 0 3143 2850 56 100 A1 0,29
R422D
HFC R125/ 134a/ 600a R22 0 -40 7 0 POE PVE AB PAG -45 -40 4,5 81 0 2729 2470 62 90 -36 A1 0,26
R427A
HFC R32/ 125/ 143a/ 134a R22 0 -40 7 0 POE PVE AB PAG -43 -36 7,1 87 0 2138 2020 64 90 -20 A1 0,29
R437A
HFC R125/ 134a/ 600/ 601 R12 12 -30 POE PVE AB PAG -33 -29 3,6 95 0 1805 1640 75 108 -7 A1 0,081
R438A
HFC R32/ 125/ 134a/ 600/ 601a R22 0 -40 7 0 POE PVE AB PAG -42 -35 6,6 80 0 2264 2060 63 88 -27 A1 0,079
R444A
HFO/HFC R32/ 152a/ 1234ze(E) AC5 Mexichem R134a 25 -20 POE PVE -34 -24 10 103 42,4 0 92 89 81 A2L 0,29
R444B
HFO/HFC R32/ 152a/ 1234ze(E) L-20 Honeywell R22, R407C 12 -35 POE PVE -45 -35 10 92 0 295 295 A2L 0,055
R447B
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234ze(E) L-41z Honeywell R410A 15 -25 POE PVE -50 -46 4 84 0 740 714 49 A2L 0
R448A
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf/ 1234ze(E)/ 134a N-40 Honeywell R404A, R507A 12 -40 -40 -45 -25 -65 POE PVE -46 -40 6,2 83 0 1387 1273 58 96 12 A1 0,388
R449A
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf/ 134a XP40, 449A Chemours, Arkema R404A, R507A 12 -40 -40 -45 -25 -65 POE PVE -46 -41 5,7 82 0 1397 1282 58 96 12 A1 0,357
R449B
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf/ 134a Arkema R404A, R507A 12 -40 -25 -65 POE PVE -46 -40 6 84 0 1412 1296 A1 0
R449C
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf/ 134a Chemours R22, R407C 12 -35 POE PVE -44 -38 6,1 84 0 1251 1146 61 A1 0,362
R450A
HFO/HFC R1234ze(E)/ 134a N-13 Honeywell R134a 25 -25 POE PVE -24 -24 0,6 105 0 604 547 86 88 -6 A1 0,319
R452A
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf XP44 Chemours R404A, R507A 12 -40 -25 -65 POE PVE -47 -43 3,8 75 0 2140 1945 56 A1 0,423
R452B
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf XL55, L-41y Chemours, Honeywell R410A 15 -25 POE PVE -51 -50 0,9 77 0 698 676 46 A2L 0
R452C
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf Arkema R404A, R507A 12 -40 -25 -65 POE PVE -48 -44 3,4 76 0 2220 2019 52 A1 0,43
R454A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf XL40, ARM-20b Chemours, Arkema R404A, R507A 12 -40 -25 -65 POE PVE -48 -41 5,7 82 49,5 0 239 238 57 A2L 0,056
R454B
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf XL41 Chemours R410A 15 -25 POE PVE -51 -50 1 78 0 466 467 46 A2L 0,061
R454C
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf XL20 Chemours R404A, R507A 12 -40 -25 -65 POE PVE -46 -38 7,8 86 0 148 146 64 A2L 0,059
R455A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf/ 744 L-40X Honeywell R404A, R507A 12 -40 -25 -65 POE PVE -52 -40 12,8 86 0 148 146 61 A2L 0
R456A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234ze(E)/ 134a AC5X Mexichem R134a 25 -25 POE PVE -30 -25 4,8 102 0 687 627 80 A1 0,32
R457A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf/ 152a ARM-20a Arkema R404A, R507A 12 -40 -25 -65 POE PVE -43 -36 7,2 92,6 0 139 139 63 A2L 0,043
R459A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf/ 1234ze(E) ARM-71a Arkema R410A 15 -25 POE PVE -50 -49 1,7 81,5 0 460 461 46 A2L 0,056
R459B
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf/ 1234ze(E) LTR11 Mexichem R404A, R507A 7 -35 POE PVE -44 -36 7,9 90 0 144 143 66 A2L 0,48
R460A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234ze(E)/ R134a LTR10 Mexichem R404A, R507A 7 -35 POE PVE -45 -37 7,4 82 0 2103 1911 61 A1 0,38
R460B
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234ze(E)/ R134a LTR4X Mexichem R404A, R507A 7 -35 POE PVE -45 -37 8,2 86 0 1352 1242 60 A1 0,399
R463A
HFO/HFC R32/ 125/ 1234yf/ 134a/ 744 XP41 Chemours R410A 15 -25 POE PVE -59 -47 12,2 75 0 1494 1377 47 A1 0,299
R465A
HFO/HFC R32/ 1234yf/ 290 ARM-25 Arkema R404A, R507A 7 -40 POE PVE -52 -40 11,8 89,4 0 145 143 53 A2 0,04
R466A
HFO/HFC R32/ R1234yf/ R13I1 Honeywell R410A 15 -25 POE PVE -52 -51 0,7 77 0 733 696 A1 0
R500
CFC R12/ 152a 10 -30 MO AB -33 -33 0 102 41,7 0,738 8100 A1 0
R502
CFC R22/ 115 10 -50 AB -45 -45 0 81 40,2 0,25 4700 60 A1 0
R503
CFC R13/ 23 -50 -90 AB -88 -88 0 19 42,8 0,599 15000 -2 A1 0
R507A
HFC R143a/ 125 R502, R22 0 -45 7 0 -30 -70 POE PVE AB PAG -47 -47 0 71 37 0 3985 3990 54 107 -34 A1 0,53
R508A
HFC R23/ 116 R503 -50 -95 POE -86 -86 0 13 36,5 0 13210 11600 -3 A1 0,23
R508B
HFC R23/ 116 R503 -50 -95 POE -88 -88 0 14 37,7 0 13400 11700 -3 A1 0,25
R513A
HFO/HFC R1234yf/ 134a XP10 Chemours R134a 25 -25 -25 -30 POE PVE -30 -30 0 97 37 0 631 573 78 102 -7 A1 0,319
R513B
HFO/HFC R1234yf/ 134a Daikin R134a 25 -25 POE PVE -29 -29 0 96 36,6 0 596 540 79 A1 0
R515B
HFO/HFC R1234ze(E)/ 227ea Honeywell R134a 20 -20 POE -19 -19 0 109 0 293 299 93 A1 0
R516A
HFO/HFC R1234yf/ 152a/ 134a ARM-42 Arkema R134a 25 -25 POE -29 -29 0 99 0 142 131 80 A2L 0,042